Open access content Subscribed content Free content Trial content

Infrastructure reconstruction and development facilitates the transition of post-conflict economies to socio-economic stability and financial normalcy. The current system of measuring success is output-based and not a reliable indicator of outcome. Furthermore, standardised output metrics are easily and often abused. However, the outcome of any infrastructure project is by definition retrospective. The post-conflict context makes this particularly complicated. A direct retrospective measure of outcome is impractical, yet any situation-specific outcome-based metric must be current and relevant during construction to be practicable. Causal-chain-derived indicators of likely outcome provide a more relevant metric; the more indicators that point to a common outcome, the greater the confidence of that outcome being realised. This paper discusses an outcome-based causal chain approach to identifying indicator metrics.

Your access options

Sorry, your subscription does not provide access to this content. Please check you are logged in if you have a subscription

If you or your institution did not have a subscription you can:

  • Buy this article to access immediately.
  • Recommend a subscription to your librarian.
  • Subscribe to the journal.
  • Alternatively you can browse our free content.

Your Access Options


This single article for $42.00

        Prices shown are exclusive of taxes, if applicable tax will be added during checkout.

        All purchased content is available to download for a period of 24 hours. Please save your downloaded content carefully.