Advances in Cement Research

ISSN 0951-7197 | E-ISSN 1751-7605
Volume 30 Issue 1, January, 2018, pp. 24-36
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Calcium aluminate cements (CACs) are used in combination with calcium sulfates as binders in self-levelling mortars. The influence of commercial CAC/anhydrite ratio on the solid phase assemblage and pore solution at water to binder (w/b) ratios of 0·40 and 0·72 was investigated between 1·5 h and 91 d of hydration using a multi-method approach including x-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and thermodynamic calculations. The reduction of the extent of hydration at the lower w/b ratio can be explained by a lack of water for complete hydration and lack of space. In the system with a CAC/anhydrite weight ratio of 1, ettringite and AH3 were the main hydration products, whereas in the case of a CAC/anhydrite ratio of 2·3, in addition to ettringite and AH3, monosulfate was present along with strätlingite and at a later age. In contrast to the thermodynamic modelling results, anhydrite persisted even at low calcium sulfate contents as the precipitation of AH3 around the anhydrite grains seemed to lead to a chemical blocking.

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