Rankine Lecture papers published in Geotechnique
The Rankine Lecture is hosted in March each year by the British Geotechnical Association. It is widely viewed as the most prestigious of the invited lectures in geotechnics.
The lecture commemorates W.J.M. Rankine, Professor of Civil Engineering at Glasgow University, who was one of the first engineers in the UK to make a significant contribution to soil mechanics, and is best known for his theory for the earth pressure on retaining walls.
From 1961 to 1972 the lecture was held at the Institution of Civil Engineers, but since 1973 has taken place at Imperial College. In even-numbered years the lecturer is from the UK, and in odd-numbered years from overseas. Each lecture is published in Géotechnique, together with the text of the biographical introduction and the vote of thanks.
Details of past Rankine Lectures are:
|1961||Prof. A. Casagrande||Control of seepage through foundations and abutments of dams||Vol. 11No. 3pp 161-181|
|1962||Dr L.F. Cooling||Field measurements in soil mechanics||Vol. 12No. 2pp 77-103|
|1963||A. Mayer||Recent work in rock mechanics||Vol. 13No. 2pp 99-118|
|1964||Prof. A.W. Skempton||Long-term stability of clay slopes||Vol. 14No. 2pp 77-101|
|1965||Prof. N.M. Newmark||Effects of earthquakes on dams and embankments||Vol. 15No. 2pp 139-159|
|1966||Prof. A.W. Bishop||The strength of soils as engineering materials||Vol. 16No. 2pp 91-128|
|1967||Dr L. Bjerrum||Engineering geology of Norwegian normally-consolidated marine clays as related to settlements of buildings||Vol. 17No. 2pp 83-117|
|1968||R. Glossop||The rise of geotechnology and its influence on engineering practice||Vol. 18No. 2pp 107-150|
|1969||Prof. R.B. Peck||Advantages and limitations of the observational method in applied soil mechanics||Vol. 19No. 2pp 171-187|
|1970||Prof. K.H. Roscoe||The influence of strains in soil mechanics||Vol. 20No. 2pp 129-170|
|1971||Prof. J.C. Jaeger||Friction of rocks and stability of rock slopes||Vol. 21No. 2pp 97-134|
|1972||Prof. P.W. Rowe||The relevance of soil fabric to site investigation practice||Vol. 22No. 2pp 195-300|
|1973||Prof. T.W. Lambe||Predictions in soil engineering||Vol. 23No. 2pp 151-201|
|1974||Prof. R.E. Gibson||The analytical method in soil mechanics||Vol. 24No. 2pp 115-139|
|1975||Prof. J. Kerisel||Old structures in relation to soil conditions||Vol. 25No. 3pp 433-482|
|1976||Dr A.C. Meigh||The Triassic rocks, with particular reference to predicted and observed performance of some major foundations||Vol. 26No. 3pp 393-451|
|1977||V.F.B. de Mello||Reflections on design decisions of practical significance to embankment dams||Vol. 27No. 3pp 281-354|
|1978||Dr W.H. Ward||Ground supports for tunnels in weak rocks||Vol. 28No. 2pp 135-170|
|1979||Prof. H. Bolton Seed||Considerations in the earthquake-resistant design of earth and rockfill dams||Vol. 29No. 3pp 215-262|
|1980||Prof. A.N. Schofield||Cambridge geotechnical centrifuge operations||Vol. 30No. 3pp 227-267|
|1981||Prof. N.R. Morgenstern||Geotechnical engineering and frontier resource development||Vol. 31No. 3pp 305-365|
|1982||Dr D.J. Henkel||Geology, geomorphology and geotechnics||Vol. 32No. 3pp 175-194|
|1983||E. Hoek||Strength of jointed rock masses||Vol. 33No. 3pp 187-222|
|1984||Prof. C.P. Wroth||The interpretation of in situ soil tests||Vol. 34No. 4pp 449-488|
|1985||Prof. N. Janbu||Soil models in offshore engineering||Vol. 35No. 3pp 241-280|
|1986||Dr A.D.M. Penman||On the embankment dam||Vol. 36No. 3pp 303-347|
|1987||Prof. R.F. Scott||Failure||Vol. 37No. 4pp 423-466|
|1988||Prof. H.B. Sutherland||Uplift resistance in soils||Vol. 38No. 4pp 493-515|
|1989||Prof. H.G. Poulos||Pile behaviour - theory and application||Vol. 39No. 3pp 365-415|
|1990||Prof. J.B. Burland||On the compressibility and shear strength of natural clays||Vol. 40No. 3pp 329-378|
|1991||Prof. J.K Mitchell||Conduction phenomena: from theory to geotechnical practice||Vol. 41No. 3pp 299-339|
|1992||Dr B. Simpson||Retaining structures: displacement and design||Vol. 42No. 4pp 541-576|
|1993||Prof. K. Ishihara||Liquefaction and flow failure during earthquakes||Vol. 43No. 3pp 351-414|
|1994||Prof. P.R. Vaughan||Assumption, prediction and reality in geotechnical engineering||Vol. 44No. 4pp 573-608|
|1995||Prof. R.E. Goodman||Block theory and its application||Vol. 45No. 3pp 383-422|
|1996||Prof. S.F. Brown||Soil mechanics in pavement engineering||Vol. 46No. 3pp 383-425|
|1997||Prof. G.E. Blight||Interactions between the atmosphere and the Earth||Vol. 47No. 4pp 715-766|
|1998||Dr D.W. Hight||Soil characterisation: the importance of structure and anisotropy||Not published|
|1999*||Prof. S. Leroueil||Natural slopes and cuts: movement and failure mechanisms||Vol. 51No. 3pp 197-243 (2001)|
|2000||Prof. J.H Atkinson||Non-linear soil stiffness in routine design||Vol. 50No. 5pp 487-507|
|2001||Prof. H. Brandl||Energy foundations and other thermo-active ground structures||Vol. 56No. 2pp 81-122 (2006)|
|2002||Prof. D.M. Potts||Numerical analysis: a virtual dream or practical reality?||Vol. 53No. 6pp 535-572 (2003)|
|2003||Prof. M.F. Randolph||Science and empiricism in pile foundation design||Vol. 53No. 10pp 847-874|
|2004||Prof. N.N. Ambraseys||Engineering, seismology and soil mechanics||Not published|
|2005||Prof. R.K. Rowe||Long-term performance of contaminant barrier systems||Vol. 55No. 9pp 631-678|
|2006||Prof. R.J. Mair||Tunnelling and geotechnics - new horizons||Vol 58No 9pp 695-736|
|2007||Prof. A. Gens||Soil-environment interactions in geotechnical engineering||Vol 60, No 1, pp 3-74|
|2008||Dr. J. A. Charles||The engineering behaviour of fill materials: the use, misuse and disuse of case histories||Vol. 58, No. 7, pp 541-570|
|2009||Prof. T. O’Rourke|
Geohazards & Large Geographically Distributed Systems
|Vol. 60, No. 7, pp 505-543 |
|Prof. C. Clayton|
Prof. S.W. Sloan
|Stiffness at small strain - research and practice|
Geotechnical Stability Analysis
|Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 5-37|
* Prof. J.R. Booker, University of Sydney, Australia was invited to give the 1999 Rankine Lecture, but died in January 1998.
Rankine Lecture trivia:
- 25 lecturers have been from the UK, 8 from the USA, 4 from Canada, 3 from Australia, 2 each from France, Norway and Spain, and 1 each from Austria, Brazil, Japan and South Africa.
- The longest Rankine Lecture paper is 106 pages, by Prof. P.W. Rowe (1972), although much of that is figures and plates – Antonio Gens’ 2007 lecture comes in at 71 pages, but in the larger modern A4 Géotechnique format. Two Rankine Lecturers share the initials REG.
- The youngest Rankine Lecturer is believed to be Brian Simpson, who was 44 when he delivered his lecture in 1992.
- 6 Lecturers have been from Imperial College, 3 from BRS/BRE (including Penman who had retired), 3 each from Berkeley and Cambridge University, 2 each from University of Illinois, Mowlem/Soil Mechanics Ltd and Ove Arup. No other institution can boast multiple Rankine Lecturers.
- Only one Rankine Lecture (Prof. R.E. Goodman, 1995) includes the words and music for a song.