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Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management

image of Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management
ISSN: 1747-6526
E-ISSN: 1747-6534

Waste and Resource Management publishes original research and practice papers on all civil engineering and construction related aspects of the resource management cycle, from the minimization of waste, through the re-use and recycling, to the management and disposal of residual wastes.

Associated legislation, standards, socio-economic considerations and links with sustainable consumption and production are included. The range of subjects covered encompasses, but is not restricted to, strategies for reducing construction waste through better design, improved recovery and re-use, more efficient resource management, the performance of materials recovered from wastes, and, the procurement, planning, design, construction, operation and logistics of waste and resource management facilities.

  • - It is free to submit to our journal. Papers appear Ahead of Print (below) as soon as they are ready to be published. Ahead of print articles are fully citable using the DOI system.

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  • Awards: Each year, the paper rated best by the Editorial Panel is given the ICE's prestigious Telford Premium prize.
  • Open Access Guidelines

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Most read recently in this journal:

  • Mapping landfill gas migration using resistivity monitoring
    Author(s): Håkan Rosqvist; Virginie Leroux; Torleif Dahlin; Mats Svensson; Magnus Lindsjö; Carl-Henrik Månsson; Sara Johansson
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  • Results of geoelectrical resistivity monitoring at two landfill sites, a bioreactor landfill and a conventional municipal solid waste landfill site over a week are reported. The main objective was to investigate if geoelectrical resistivity can be used for localising paths for landfill gas migration. The resistivity results were also related to local pore pressure measurements and to methane emission measurements using a laser-scanning instrument. The results suggest that the use of the interpreted resistivity and of its temporal variation can be suitable for the intended purpose, and confirm the applicability of resistivity imaging at landfills. It is also concluded that better knowledge about the dependence of resistivity variation to temperature, porosity and moisture content variations would improve the interpretation and that measuring or monitoring at least one of these additional parameters together with resistivity would be useful.
  • Wetland system for primary treatment of landfill leachate
    Author(s): C. A. Fannin; R. E. Spraggs; P. Danes; R. J. G. Mortimer
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  • A proprietary constructed wetland system has been developed as a long-term sustainable alternative for the treatment of high-nitrogen effluents such as landfill leachates. The system design is an enhancement of the microbiological processes that occur naturally in salt-marsh systems and extends the process capability of traditional vertical-flow constructed wetlands. Performance monitoring has demonstrated treatment rates of 69–95% per cell from a methanogenic landfill leachate influent containing 1400 mg/l ammoniacal-nitrogen at both pilot and laboratory scale. Two systems are currently being commissioned in the UK and applications for a further two systems are being considered by the UK Environment Agency.
  • Improving social technologies for recycling
    Author(s): C. Alexander; C. Smaje; R. Timlett; I. Williams
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  • Although kerbside recycling participation rates have been well studied, little consideration has been paid to dense housing, especially high-rise estates, even though such areas have particularly low participation rates. Because such areas present infrastructural difficulties for recyclates storage and collections, reduced service often results. Nevertheless, solutions still emphasise communication strategies and householder responsibility over adequate infrastructural provision. This paper draws together three empirically based analyses focusing on the improvement of waste collection procedures and infrastructural design for high- and low-rise dense housing. Two sites were studied: an inner London estate and Portsmouth. Both sites have minimal storage space either within the home or in external private, communal or public areas. Both areas have high churn rates. Analysis of the findings suggests that consideration needs to be given to several factors: social, architectural, technological, infrastructural and organisational. Communication strategies need to be simple and consistent and need to acknowledge non-Anglophone residents. Spatial ownership needs to be clearly demarcated and maintained. Solutions must be tailored to existing exigencies of the built environment (such as poor vehicular access) and need to include broader infrastructural factors such as functioning lifts and convenient, safe storage facilities. New-build is better placed to integrate a flexible collection infrastructure. However, pressure to increase housing density is providing a continuing challenge to design appropriate storage and collection infrastructures.
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  • A streamlined life-cycle assessment and decision tool for used tyres recycling
    Author(s): Robin Curry; Jane Powell; Nicola Gribble; Steve Waite
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  • In order to achieve progress towards sustainable resource management, it is essential to evaluate options for the reuse and recycling of secondary raw materials, in order to provide a robust evidence base for decision makers. This paper presents the research undertaken in the development of a web-based decision-support tool (the used tyres resource efficiency tool) to compare three processing routes for used tyres compared to their existing primary alternatives. Primary data on the energy and material flows for the three routes, and their alternatives were collected and analysed. The methodology used was a streamlined life-cycle assessment (sLCA) approach. Processes included were: car tyre baling against aggregate gabions; car tyre retreading against new car tyres; and car tyre shred used in landfill engineering against primary aggregates. The outputs of the assessment, and web-based tool, were estimates of raw materials used, carbon dioxide emissions and costs. The paper discusses the benefits of carrying out a streamlined LCA and using the outputs of this analysis to develop a decision-support tool. The strengths and weakness of this approach are discussed and future research priorities identified which could facilitate the use of life cycle approaches by designers and practitioners.
  • Paintcrete leachability in fresh water and marine environments
    Author(s): E. M. Comdromos; M. C. Papadopoulou
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  • Waste latex paint is considered the largest (by volume) household liquid hazardous waste collected in Canada and the USA. A technology for recycling latex paint in Portland cement concrete with added value was developed at The University of Western Ontario. The present study investigates the leaching of hazardous species from concrete incorporating recycled paint, known as ‘paintcrete’ as a partial replacement for mixing water. Specimens from concrete mixtures with various proportions of paint were subjected to simulated field environments including freezing–thawing and wetting–drying cycles, both in fresh and simulated seawater. The leachates from these specimens were analysed for heavy metals and glycols. It was found that the leaching of heavy metals from concrete specimens incorporating 15–25% paint and subjected to wetting–drying and freezing–thawing cycles, either in fresh water or artificial seawater, was not significant compared with values measured for a reference concrete mixture with no paint. The leaching concentrations of heavy metals were well below the contaminant levels according to the hazardous waste regulatory limits. In addition, glycol concentrations in the leachates at the end of a total of 100 cycles of freezing–thawing were much lower than the concentration of glycols in the original paint. Glycol leachates were also found to be acceptable based on environmental guidelines for glycols in surface water.
  • Resource flow analysis for sustainable construction: metrics for an integrated supply chain approach
    Author(s): J. Ravetz
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  • ‘Sustainable construction’ is a topical agenda, with a great diversity of metrics, targets, performance measures and benchmarks. This paper explores a range of metrics and benchmarks that are based on understanding of the whole construction supply chain, together with its impacts on the global climate and resource base. It draws on new evidence from the UK resource analysis framework with an associated toolkit, the Resource and Energy Analysis Program modelling and data system. The resource flow and metabolism of the construction industry has been explored within this framework, by application of input–output analysis, at national and regional level. The result provides a first-estimate evidence base for issues such as ‘carbon neutral’ buildings, housing replacement against rehabilitation, local against imported materials and ‘one planet’ performance targets for sustainable construction. These first results also show future directions for improved methods of assessment and benchmarking.
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