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Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability

image of Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability
ISSN: 1478-4629
E-ISSN: 1751-7680

Impact Factor 0.604

Engineering Sustainability provides a forum for sharing the latest thinking from research and practice, and increasingly is presenting the 'how to' of engineering a resilient future. The journal features refereed papers and shorter articles relating to the pursuit and implementation of sustainability principles through engineering planning, design and application.  The tensions between and integration of social, economic and environmental considerations within such schemes are of particular relevance.  Methodologies for assessing sustainability, policy issues, education and corporate responsibility will also be included.  The aims will be met primarily by providing papers and briefing notes (including case histories and best practice guidance) of use to decision-makers, practitioners, researchers and students.

  • - It is free to submit to this journal. Papers appear Ahead of Print (below) as soon as they are ready to be published. Ahead of print articles are fully citable using the DOI system



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  • An ‘engineer–client’ framework for participation in community-scale infrastructure projects
    Author(s):  Joe Mulligan; Anna L Tompsett; Peter M Guthrie
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  • The importance of community participation in projects in the developing and developed world is widely recognised, despite considerable debate regarding what participation means in practice. In the developing world context, there is a distinct debate on how participation can achieve its stated goals of creating ‘ownership’ among targeted beneficiaries without becoming susceptible to elite capture or excluding marginalised groups. Projects that involve engineering analysis present a further challenge: to incorporate external technical expertise in decision-making so that project outcomes are improved, without compromising the participative process. The paper sets out a practical framework that reconciles the critical importance of early, meaningful community involvement in decision-making with the active role of the engineer as a technical adviser and facilitator. It is targeted for application in community-scale infrastructure development projects, where the community is the primary targeted beneficiary. The framework draws a parallel with a traditional engineer–client relationship, in which the client's (in this case the community's) needs and preferences drive the design process and in which final design approval rests with the client, but where the engineer plays an active role in helping to understand and interpret the client's needs and develops engineering responses through an iterative, responsive design process.
  • Barriers to addressing sustainable construction in public procurement strategies
    Author(s): Amr Sourani; Muhammad Sohail
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  • There is an increasing demand on public clients in the UK to address sustainability in construction procurement. This paper presents the results of an investigation into the barriers facing these clients in attempting to address sustainable construction in procurement strategies and the parties most capable of removing such barriers. The investigation draws on interviews conducted with sustainability professionals and experts working in a variety of professional and public sector organisations in the UK. Twelve main barriers were identified, namely: lack of funding, restrictions on expenditure and reluctance to incur higher capital cost when needed; lack of awareness, understanding, information, commitment and demand; insufficient/inconsistent policies, regulations, incentives and commitment by leadership; insufficient/confusing guidance, tools, demonstrations and best practice; vagueness of definitions and diversity of interpretations; separation between capital budget and operational budget; lack of sufficient time to address sustainability issues; lack of long-term perspective; general perception that addressing sustainability always leads to incurring greater capital cost; resistance to change; insufficient integration and link-up in the industry; and insufficient research and development. Four parties were identified as the those most capable of removing the barriers, namely: government (including regulatory bodies); professional/educational bodies; the supply chain; and users.
  • Carbon dioxide reduction in the building life cycle: a critical review
    Author(s): S. Thomas Ng; James M. W. Wong; Alin Veronika; Steven Skitmore
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  • The construction industry is known to be a major contributor to environmental pressures due to its high energy consumption and carbon dioxide generation. The growing amount of carbon dioxide emissions over buildings' life cycles has prompted academics and professionals to initiate various studies relating to this problem. Researchers have been exploring carbon dioxide reduction methods for each phase of the building life cycle – from planning and design, materials production, materials distribution and construction process, maintenance and renovation, deconstruction and disposal, to the material reuse and recycle phase. This paper aims to present the state of the art in carbon dioxide reduction studies relating to the construction industry. Studies of carbon dioxide reduction throughout the building life cycle are reviewed and discussed, including those relating to green building design, innovative low carbon dioxide materials, green construction methods, energy efficiency schemes, life cycle energy analysis, construction waste management, reuse and recycling of materials and the cradle-to-cradle concept. The review provides building practitioners and researchers with a better understanding of carbon dioxide reduction potential and approaches worldwide. Opportunities for carbon dioxide reduction can thereby be maximised over the building life cycle by creating environmentally benign designs and using low carbon dioxide materials.
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  • Low-carbon housing design informed by research
    Author(s): M. Gillott; L. T. Rodrigues; C. Spataru
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  • The UK government is committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050 in a bid to tackle climate change. Dwellings in the UK account for approximately 27% of the UK total of carbon dioxide emissions through the burning of fossil fuel for heating, lights and appliances. This includes combustion on the premises, mainly natural gas for heating and cooking, and combustion in power stations to produce electricity for homes. In order to address the climate change contribution from the domestic sector, the UK government has stated that every new home needs to be zero-carbon by 2016. This paper outlines the proposed line of research which will be undertaken on a number of experimental eco-houses constructed at the University of Nottingham. The on-going work will trial and test different construction solutions and sustainable energy technologies. The paper investigates the role that post-occupancy evaluation will play in ensuring that design aspirations are actually met once the dwellings are inhabited. The work also describes the role that phase change materials and earth air heat exchangers may play as thermal mass substitutes in constructive solutions for housing in a warming climate. These solutions and technologies for ensuring occupant comfort and preventing summer overheating in super-insulated dwellings are likely to become increasingly important as UK temperatures rise owing to man-made climate change.
  • Economic assessment tool for greywater recycling systems
    Author(s):  F. A. Memon; D. Butler; W. Han; S. Liu; C. Makropoulos; L. M. Avery; M. Pido
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  • The implementation of water demand management strategies, particularly in urban environments, can contribute towards improved sustainability (or at least reduce unsustainability) in the water sector. Greywater treatment, and its subsequent use for toilet flushing, is one of the demand management options offering considerable water-saving potential. The uptake of greywater recycling systems (GRSs), particularly in the UK, is low. One of the reasons for such a low uptake is the perception that GRSs have a high (unsustainable) cost/benefit ratio. This paper presents progress on the development of a whole-life cost (WLC) model, aimed at facilitating decision making for the implementation of GRSs in relation to their economic viability.
  • Briefing: The importance of carbon in the conservation of peatlands
    Author(s): Richard Campen
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  • Natural ecosystems provide benefits on which mankind is dependent for sustainable development. Collectively, these benefits are referred to as ecosystem services. Functioning ecosystems are important for sustainable development and the balancing of environmental, social and economic interests. Carbon dioxide is an important greenhouse-enhancing gas and soils in the UK, especially peatlands, represent significant carbon stores and the potential to absorb carbon emissions. The fragile peatland ecosystems have been severely damaged by erosion, caused by a variety of factors such as grazing, burning and drainage. This has adverse impacts on a range of ecosystem services, including the loss of stored carbon. At a landscape scale in the Peak District of England a partnership programme is underway to restore eroded peatlands through revegetation and re-wetting the moorlands to conserve biodiversity, protect the carbon store and re-start peat formation. The experience of large-scale restoration techniques gained in the Peak District can be adapted and applied elsewhere. While there remain many uncertainties about this work, in addition to conserving biodiversity, the majority of peatland restoration work could be deemed a cost-effective means of carbon mitigation.
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