Long-term performance of high-stiffness repairs in highway structures
- Authors: P. S. Mangat; F. J. O'Flaherty
- Source: Magazine of Concrete Research, Volume 51, Issue 5, 01 October 1999 , pages 325 –339
This paper presents the results of field monitoring of repair patches in two reinforced concrete highway bridges, Lawns Lane Bridge on the MI and Gunthorpe Bridge across the River Trent. The repairs were applied by spraying (guniting) repair materials to compression members of the bridges. The structural members were unpropped during repair and throughout the 60 week monitoring period. The strains in the repair patches were monitored with vibrating-wire gauges. Four different repair materials were investigated whose elastic modulus was greater than that of the substrate concrete (Erm > Esub). The results show that efficient repairs are achieved with Erm > Esub, the optimum relationship being Erm > 1·3Esub. This enables the repair material to shed a significant proportion of its shrinkage strain to the substrate, thereby reducing restrained-shrinkage tension. It also enables the repair to attract externally applied load from the substrate in the long term. The effect of creep and shrinkage on the performance of the repair patch is also determine. Overall, the results show that current repair standards have limitations with respect to repair material specifications.